Written by Charlie Kaufman and Donald Kaufman
Directed by Spike Jonze

Cast: Nicolas Cage, Meryl Streep, Chris Cooper, Cara Seymour, Tilda Swinton, Maggie Gyllenhaal, Brian Cox • Casting by: Justine Baddeley and Kim Davis-Wagner • Director of photography: Lance Acord • Music by: Carter Burwell • Film editing by: Eric Zumbrunnen • Costume designer: Casey Storm • Production designer: K.K. Barrett • Produced by: Jonathan Demme, Vincent Landay, Edward Saxon • Executive producers: Charlie Kaufman, Peter Saraf
Studio: Good Machine, Intermedia, Propaganda Films • Distributed by: Columbia Pictures • Country: United States • Runtime: 114 min • Language: English • Release date: December 6, 2002 • Budget: US$19 million • Box office: US$32,801,173 (worldwide)

A poster

Theatrical poster for Adaptation.

QuoteFrom the creator of Being John Malkovich, comes the story about the creator of Being John Malkovich.Unquote

Adaptation. is a 2002 film directed by Spike Jonze. It was the second collaboration between Spike Jonze and Charlie Kaufman, who's credited as the writer along with his fictional brother Donald Kaufman, a character in the film.

One of Kaufman's most meta-heavy projects, Adaptation., although marketed as a film adaptation of the non-fictional book The Orchid Thief, is part that and part the semi-autobiographical story of Kaufman struggling to write such a film adaptation. Nicolas Cage plays Kaufman and his fictional twin brother Donald; Meryl Streep and Chris Cooper star as Susan Orlean and John Laroche, the author and primary subject, respectively, of The Orchid Thief.

Adaptation. was universally praised by critics and earned Kaufman an Academy Award nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay. Cage, Streep, and Cooper were also nominated in the acting categories, with the latter going on to win Best Supporting Actor. Credited as a writer, Donald Kaufman became the first fictional person ever to be nominated for an Academy Award.